JAMES M. SCOTT

PHOTOS

Flames engulf American planes at the naval air station during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941. (NARA)
Flames engulf American planes at the naval air station during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941. (NARA)
American troops scan the skies for enemy attackers as the battleship California burns during the attack on Pearl Harbor. (NARA)
American troops scan the skies for enemy attackers as the battleship California burns during the attack on Pearl Harbor. (NARA)
The treaters fear of Admiral Isoroko Yamamoto, the architect of the attack on Pearl Harbor, was an American strike against Tokyo, the home of the emperor. (NARA)
The treaters fear of Admiral Isoroko Yamamoto, the architect of the attack on Pearl Harbor, was an American strike against Tokyo, the home of the emperor. (NARA)
Admiral Ernest King, United States Fleet commander, encouraged his subordinates to develop a plan for a carrier raid against Tokyo. (NARA)
Admiral Ernest King, United States Fleet commander, encouraged his subordinates to develop a plan for a carrier raid against Tokyo. (NARA)
Lieutenant General Hap Arnold, chief of the Army air force, tapped his staff troubleshooter Jimmy Doolittle to plan the raid. (NARA)
Lieutenant General Hap Arnold, chief of the Army air force, tapped his staff troubleshooter Jimmy Doolittle to plan the raid. (NARA)
Lieutenant Colonel Jimmy Doolittle, a famed racing and stunt pilot, was a pioneer in American aviation. (National Museum of the U.S. Air Force)
Lieutenant Colonel Jimmy Doolittle, a famed racing and stunt pilot, was a pioneer in American aviation. (National Museum of the U.S. Air Force)
Vice Admiral William “Bull” Halsey, Jr., commanded the Navy’s task force of sixteen warships and 10,000 men. (NARA)
Vice Admiral William “Bull” Halsey, Jr., commanded the Navy’s task force of sixteen warships and 10,000 men. (NARA)
Captain Marc Mitscher served as the skipper of the Hornet, the 19,800-ton flattop that carried Jimmy Doolittle and his raiders to Japan. (NARA)
Captain Marc Mitscher served as the skipper of the Hornet, the 19,800-ton flattop that carried Jimmy Doolittle and his raiders to Japan. (NARA)
Sailors look on as sixteen Army B-25 bombers, tied down and with wheels chocked, crowd the deck of the carrier Hornet en route to bomb Japan. (NARA)
Sailors look on as sixteen Army B-25 bombers, tied down and with wheels chocked, crowd the deck of the carrier Hornet en route to bomb Japan. (NARA)
A smiling Jimmy Doolittle, surrounded by his raiders, fastens a Japanese medal to the fin of a 500-pound bomb in a ceremony on the Hornet’s deck on the eve of the raid. (NARA)
A smiling Jimmy Doolittle, surrounded by his raiders, fastens a Japanese medal to the fin of a 500-pound bomb in a ceremony on the Hornet’s deck on the eve of the raid. (NARA)
Army airmen on the deck of the Hornet hustle to load ammunition on the eve of the raid. (NARA)
Army airmen on the deck of the Hornet hustle to load ammunition on the eve of the raid. (NARA)
The task force encountered a string of Japanese picket boats early in the morning of April 18, 1942, including this one, which was destroyed by gunfire and attacks from American planes. (NARA)
The task force encountered a string of Japanese picket boats early in the morning of April 18, 1942, including this one, which was destroyed by gunfire and attacks from American planes. (NARA)
Nashville sailors hold up an exhausted Japanese prisoner of war, rescued from one of the destroyed picket boats. (NARA)
Nashville sailors hold up an exhausted Japanese prisoner of war, rescued from one of the destroyed picket boats. (NARA)
One of the sixteen B-25s races its engines in preparation for take off for the raid against Tokyo. Heavy winds and fierce seas sent waves over the bow of the towering carrier. (NARA)
One of the sixteen B-25s races its engines in preparation for take off for the raid against Tokyo. Heavy winds and fierce seas sent waves over the bow of the towering carrier. (NARA)
Sailors throughout the task force cheered as each bomber lifted off from the Hornet’s flight deck. (NARA)
Sailors throughout the task force cheered as each bomber lifted off from the Hornet’s flight deck. (NARA)
This photograph of the Yokosuka Naval Base, shot from the cockpit of one of the bombers, is one of the few images of the raid to survive. (NARA)
This photograph of the Yokosuka Naval Base, shot from the cockpit of one of the bombers, is one of the few images of the raid to survive. (NARA)
This photograph of the Yokosuka Naval Base, shot from the cockpit of one of the bombers, is one of the few images of the raid to survive. (NARA)
This photograph of the Yokosuka Naval Base, shot from the cockpit of one of the bombers, is one of the few images of the raid to survive. (NARA)
A Japanese official stands in a crater more than six feet deep and almost 43 feet wide surrounded by the debris of a destroyed wooden factory building. (National Institute for Defense Studies)
A Japanese official stands in a crater more than six feet deep and almost 43 feet wide surrounded by the debris of a destroyed wooden factory building. (National Institute for Defense Studies)
This bomb crater near the Asahi Denka factory measured more than fifteen feet wide and almost ten feet deep. (National Institute for Defense Studies)
This bomb crater near the Asahi Denka factory measured more than fifteen feet wide and almost ten feet deep. (National Institute for Defense Studies)
The attack led by pilot Travis Hoover, in the second bomber to leave the Hornet, destroyed this Tokyo-area home, killing one person. (National Institute for Defense Studies)
The attack led by pilot Travis Hoover, in the second bomber to leave the Hornet, destroyed this Tokyo-area home, killing one person. (National Institute for Defense Studies)
General Joseph Stilwell, pictured here with Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, struggled with his disdain for the Chinese leader. (NARA)
General Joseph Stilwell, pictured here with Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, struggled with his disdain for the Chinese leader. (NARA)
Local Chinese villagers pick through the wreckage of Doolittle’s B-25 after the raid on Japan. (National Museum of the U.S. Air Force)
Local Chinese villagers pick through the wreckage of Doolittle’s B-25 after the raid on Japan. (National Museum of the U.S. Air Force)
Locals carry some of the raiders in sedan chairs, one of the many forms of native transportation the airmen depended on in China, including rickshaws and miniature ponies. (NARA)
Locals carry some of the raiders in sedan chairs, one of the many forms of native transportation the airmen depended on in China, including rickshaws and miniature ponies. (NARA)
Chinese soldiers escorting the crew of the fifteenth bomber, including from left Herb Macia, Jack Sims, Jacob Eierman, and Jack Hilger. (NARA)
Chinese soldiers escorting the crew of the fifteenth bomber, including from left Herb Macia, Jack Sims, Jacob Eierman, and Jack Hilger. (NARA)
Pilot Ted Lawson was badly injured in the crash of the Ruptured Duck in the surf along the Chinese coast, leading to the amputation of his left leg by mission doctor Thomas White. (AFHRA)
Pilot Ted Lawson was badly injured in the crash of the Ruptured Duck in the surf along the Chinese coast, leading to the amputation of his left leg by mission doctor Thomas White. (AFHRA)
Jimmy Doolittle and his second in command, Major Jack Hilger, listen to Madame Chiang Kai-shek after she presented them with medals in Chungking following the raid on Japan. (NARA)
Jimmy Doolittle and his second in command, Major Jack Hilger, listen to Madame Chiang Kai-shek after she presented them with medals in Chungking following the raid on Japan. (NARA)
President Franklin Roosevelt presents Jimmy Doolittle with the Medal of Honor at the White House on May 19, 1942. (NARA)
President Franklin Roosevelt presents Jimmy Doolittle with the Medal of Honor at the White House on May 19, 1942. (NARA)
Twenty three of the raiders gathered June 27, 1942, at Washington’s Bolling Field to receive the Distinguished Flying Cross. (NARA)
Twenty three of the raiders gathered June 27, 1942, at Washington’s Bolling Field to receive the Distinguished Flying Cross. (NARA)
Blindfolded by his captors, pilot Bobby Hite is led from a Japanese transport plane. He would spend forty months in captivity. (U.S. Air Force Museum)
Blindfolded by his captors, pilot Bobby Hite is led from a Japanese transport plane. He would spend forty months in captivity. (U.S. Air Force Museum)
Missionary priests and Sisters of Charity ford a stream in their flight from the Japanese following the Doolittle raid. (DePaul University)
Missionary priests and Sisters of Charity ford a stream in their flight from the Japanese following the Doolittle raid. (DePaul University)
The Japanese reduced the town of Ying-tan to little more than ruins and rubble in the wake of the Doolittle raid. (DePaul University)
The Japanese reduced the town of Ying-tan to little more than ruins and rubble in the wake of the Doolittle raid. (DePaul University)
Warden of Kiangwan Military Prison, Sotojiro Tatsuda, bows to Chase Nielsen during the war crimes trials in Shanghai in 1946. (National Museum of the U.S. Air Force)
Warden of Kiangwan Military Prison, Sotojiro Tatsuda, bows to Chase Nielsen during the war crimes trials in Shanghai in 1946. (National Museum of the U.S. Air Force)